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Wages in the 14th century
Posted: Wed Jan 02, 2008 1:39 pm
Can any one give me any advice on detailed accounts of wages during the 14th century, i,e what a archer was paid compared to a clerk??
Posted: Wed Jan 02, 2008 1:51 pm
I have a vague recolaction (from the Osprey English Longbowman, I think) of Hundred Years War archers being paid 6d if mounted and 3d if on foot, per day. I don't know what civilian wages for the time were.
Posted: Wed Jan 02, 2008 2:18 pm
The Medieval Source Book gives some wages, including archers.
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/m ... rices.html
Posted: Wed Jan 02, 2008 2:30 pm
From some notes I made many years ago (referring to 14th century):
daily wage of
lord's huntsman 7 or 8 pence
fowler 7 or 8 pence
archer (foot) 3 pence
spearman 2 pence
justice of peace 4 shillings
justice's clerk 2 shillings
thatcher's mate 1 or 2 pence
master mason 10 pence
carpenter 4 pence
Annual income, Earl of Cornwall £5,000
Annual rent for 20 acres £4
Posted: Wed Jan 02, 2008 2:57 pm
Remember however that ones wage in terms of cash was only part of the story. Room, board, goods or services, rights to farm on common land etc are all important part of the economic resources one could receive on top of wages.
Posted: Wed Jan 02, 2008 4:32 pm
One must also keep in mind that due to the plague in the middle of the century caused rampant inflation which only stabalised around 1370 ish
Posted: Thu Jan 03, 2008 5:01 pm
Also to add to Ian, BR and DtM, remember this was not a cash rich society, many people were paid quarterly and in arrears, people pawned plate to raise much needed liquid cash, for war being a good one, this meant a ot of people were in effect in debt.
Earnings also varied according to the Statute of labourers, eg the basic daily wage in Lonodn was higher to allow for the cost of living, people got paid less for a winter day than a summer one.
Also holidays - no work - in theory, we know people worked sundays and through the night, but some trades were quite hard on that.
Wages went up after the black death due to a labour shortage.
Also military 'wages' are not as simple as trade wages because they were contracted levels and supplemented by a share of loot, they present an artificial idea of wealth. 6d a day looks really good as an archer when compared to 4d a day for a work but that 6d was to cover the cost of their own horses, feed etc. [/list]