Joseph Du Chesne

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiro HIRAI

 

Paracelsisme, néoplatonisme et médecine hermétique

 

dans la théorie de la matière de

 

Joseph Du Chesne

 

à travers son Ad veritatem hermeticae medicinae (1604)

 

 

Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences, 51 (2001), pp. 9-37.

 

 

Known by the latinized name Quercetanus, the French Paracelsian Joseph Du Chesne (1546-1609) was a physician and political agent of the first French protestant king Henri IV. He exercised a profound influence on the Paracelsianism, or rather the chemical philosophy of the beginning of the 17th century. His main work Ad veritatem hermeticae medicinae (Paris, 1604) have almost never been studied by historians seriously in spite of its impact on the later generations. A part from Didier Kahn’s biographical study in his Ph. D. dissertation, the longest studies on Du Chesne remained R. Hooykaas’ treatment in his History of the Concept of Element and A.G. Debus’ Paracelsian studies. This article analyses Du Chesne’s matter theory, developed in his master piece, in its proper historical context, focusing especially on its Paracelsian, Neoplatonic and Hermetic aspects. It aims to be the first step towards the future full-scale study of Quercetanian chemical philosophy.

 

1. Introduction
2. L’Ad veritatem hermeticae medicinae (1604)
3. La Nature et l’âme du monde
4. Les semences dans le système quercétanien

    4-1. Les semences et les trois principes hypostatiques
    4-2. Les corps visibles des elements
    4-3. L’air et le sel armoniac des philosophes
    4-4. La quintessence ou la quartessence
    4-5. La médecine balsamique
5. Le Ciel dans la philosophie mosaique hermetisée
6. Conclusions

 

 

 

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