Today In History
Today In History
Thursday - May 23rd
It is day 143 of the year 2013,
and there are 222 days left...
Famous People Born On This Day In History...
| 1617,||Elias Ashmole
| 1848,||Otto Lilienthal, German aviation pioneer who built gliders and other heavier-than-air flying machines based on bird flight. He inspired the Wright brothers by his many short unpowered flights, one of which ended in his death.
| 1883,||Douglas Fairbanks, first & greatest of Hollywood's swashbucklers.
| 1910,||Artie Shaw, band leader and husband.
| 1933,||Joan Collins, actress, BITCH!
Events On This Day In History...
| 0034,||Holy Ghost descended
| 0607,||Death of St. Desiderius
| 1059,||Coronation of Philip I, King of France
| 1116,||Death of St. Ivo of Chartres
| 1125,||Death of Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
| 1173,||Death of St. Euphrosyme of Polotosk
| 1192,||The 3rd Cusade, and Richard I of England, recaptures Daron
| 1285,||Hospitalers surrender Marqab to Kala'un
| 1373,||Chaucer returns from Italy
| 1430,||Jeanne d'Arc captured by the Burgundians, who sell her to the
| 1480,||Turks arrive at Rhodes to besiege it
| 1498,||Death of Sarvonerola, by burning as an heretic
| 1498,||Vasco da Gama makes landfall at Calcutta, India
| 1524,||Death of Ismail, Shah of Persia
| 1533,||Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon to marry Anne Boleyn, wife number two. The result was a break with the church in Rome despite Henry’s title as ‘Protector of the Faith’.
| 1533,||The Marriage of Henry VIII, King of England, to Catherine of
| 1541,||Jacques Cartier begins his third voyage to Canada
| 1568,||HEILIGER LEE (French defeat a German-Spanish army)
| 1607,||Christopher Newport and 140 surviors found Jamestown
| 1611,||Rudolf II abdicates the Crown of Bohemia
| 1618,||Defenestration of Hradschin (Beginning of 30 Yrs. War)
| 1701,||‘Captain’ William Kidd, Scottish privateer-turned-pirate, was hanged with three others at London’s Execution Docks.
| 1706,||Marlborough defeated the French at the Battle of Ramillies in Belgium, the British allied with the Dutch and Danish armies.
| 1797,||A cartoon by Gillray was published which gave the Bank of England its nickname, ‘The Old Lady of Threadneedle Street’.
| 1873,||The men who always get their man, The North West Mounted Police, were formed in Canada. In 1920, they became the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
| 1887,||The French crown jewels went on sale and raised six million francs.
| 1898,||First Phillipine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco.
| 1901,||Gaetano Brecci, assassin of Italian King Humbert, committed suicide in a Rome prison.
| 1908,||Dirigible (a blimp) explodes over San Francisco Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die.
| 1921,||"Shuffle Along," the first black musical comedy, opens in New York City.
| 1934,||Bonnie (Parker) and Clyde (Baron), the young US outlaws, died in a hail of bullets on a lonely stretch of road in Louisiana where they were trapped by the police. During their four-year partnership, they killed at least 12 people as they robbed banks, petrol stations and diners.
| 1948,||The Empire Windrush sailed from Jamaica with the first West Indian immigrants to help with Britain’s severe manpower shortage following the Second World War.
| 1953,||The first "Cliff's Notes" appear in schools. (Thanks Cliff).
| 1960,||Adolf Eichmann, Nazi wanted for war atrocities, was found living in Argentina under the name Ricardo Klement by an Israeli kidnap squad. Assisted by the Argentine secret service, they flew him out on an El Al Britannia flight to Tel Aviv this night to face trial in Israel.
| 1988,||Possibly the first underwater marriage took place: two Danish tourists married on an underwater reef in Mauritius. Fleming Koch and Nina Tolgard used divers’ language to make their vows to a Mauritian civil servant conducting the service in a glass-bottomed boat. The couple’s diving instructor served as the underwater witness.
See the Timeline for Wales
|55BC||Caesar's first invasion of Britain|
| 0AD||Nothing special happened|
| 61||Romans invade Wales, massacre Druids at Anglesey|
| 127||Hadrian's Wall is completed (for the first time)|
| 166||First church built at Glastonbury|
| 208||Hadrian's Wall is rebuilt (again)|
|304||Martydom of St. Albans|
|410||Roman legions withdrawn after Goths sack Rome|
|450||First wave of Angle, Saxon and Jute invasions|
|518||The British defeat the Saxons at Mount Badon|
|550||The Anglian Kingdoms of East Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria are founded|
|607||The first St. Paul's church is built in London|
|620||Edwin, king of Northumbria subdues Isle of Man|
|627||Sutton Hoo burial takes place|
|664||Synod of Whitby|
|715||Beowulf is composed|
|731||Bede completes his history of the English|
|760||Book of Kells is composed|
|779||Offa of Mercia defeats the West Saxons at Benson|
|800||Charlemagne is crowned Pope|
|878||Alfred the Great defeats Guthrun, Danelaw is established|
|939||Edmund I starts reign|
|991||Danes defeat the English at Maldon|
|1016||King Cnut to throne|
|1071||William I defeats Hereward the Wake|
|1078||Willliam I begins the Tower of London|
|1100||Henry I to throne|
|1110||Earliest known miracle play at Dunstable|
|1154||Henry II to throne|
|1162||Thomas Becket becomes Archbishop of Canterbury|
|1189||Richard I to throne|
|1190||Jews massacred in York|
|1199||King John to throne|
|1265||Edward kills de Montfort at Evesham|
|1271||Marco Polo to China|
|1297||William Wallace defeats Scots at Dunbar|
|1307||Edward II to throne|
|1314||Robert defeats Edward at Bannockburn|
|1347||Start of Hundred Years War|
|1390||Chaucer complete Canterbury Tales|
|1400||Owain Glyndwr begins war of independence in Wales|
|1413||Henry V to throne|
|1431||Joan of Arc is burned in Rome|
|1453||End of Hundred Years War|
|1453||Gutenberg prints first bible|
|1455||Wars of the Roses begins|
|1471||Edward IV victory at Tewkesbury|
|1483||Richard III to throne|
|1485||Henry VII to throne|
|1492||Columbus arrives at America...|
|1509||Henry VIII to throne|
|1517||Martin Luther publishes 95 Theses|
|1519||Magellan begins circumnavigation|
|1520||Field of the Cloth of Gold|
|1529||Reformation parliament meets|
|1543||Copernicus publishes sun-centred theory|
|1547||Edward VI to throne|
|1549||Book of Common Prayer issued|
|1558||Elizabeth I to throne|
|1566||Tobacco introduced to England|
|1600||East India Company is founded|
|1603||James I to throne|
|1611||Authorised Bible published|
|1618||Thirty Years War begins|
|1620||Pilgrim Fathers sail|
|1625||Charles I to throne|
|1642||English Civil War starts|
|1658||Death of Cromwell|
|1660||Charles II to throne|
|1704||Marlborough wins at Blenheim|
|1729||Wesley founds Oxford Methodists|
|1746||Jacobites defeated at Culloden|
|1756||Seven Years War starts|
|1769||Watts Steam Engine, Wedgewood Etruria Works|
|1775||American Revolution starts|
|1789||French Revolution starts|
|1796||Jenners cowpox vaccination tested|
|1799||Income Tax levied (yep it's only 200 years old)|
|1805||Grand Junction canal completed|
|1800||Nelson wins and dies at Trafalgar|
|1807||Slave Trade abolished|
|1815||Napoleon finally defeated at Waterloo|
|1837||Victoria to throne|
|1845||Irish famine created|
|1853||Crimean War starts|
|1861||American Civil War starts|
|1879||Zulu War starts|
|1881||Boer War starts|
|1895||National Trust formed|
|1914||First World War starts|
|1920||Black and Tans are sent to Ireland|
|1928||Women over 21 given the vote|
|1936||Edward VIII to throne and abdication|
|1936||George VI to throne|
|1939||Second World War begins|
|1950||Korean War begins|
|1952||Elizabeth II to throne|
|1959||Vietnam War begins|